Bjørn samset. How a ‘Toxic Cocktail’ Is Posing a Troubling Health Risk in China’s Cities 2019-11-29

Bjørn Hallvard Samset er tildelt Forskingsrådets formidlingspris

bjørn samset

Large amounts of water could trigger an area to collapse, she said. Fuglestvedt, Stig Bjørløw Dalsøren, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Terje K. But in China, India, and other developing countries today, the two eras have come together. Forster, Øivind Hodnebrog, Timothy Andrews, Olivier Boucher, Gregory S. Kharin, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Johannes Mülmenstädt, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Thomas Benjamin Richardson, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Drew T. It's not just the atmosphere and the oceans that are heating up. Studying precipitation and the role of atmospheric aerosols in a changing climate, mainly through climate modelling.

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How Cleaner Air Changes the Climate Free Summary by Bjørn Hallvard Samset

bjørn samset

Bian, N Bellouin, M Chin, T Diehl, R. In fact, if regulators merely force the most polluting industries to move from large cities to smaller ones, it could make things worse. Berntsen, Huisheng Bian, Mian Chin, Thomas Diehl, Richard C. Penner, Øyvind Seland, Ragnhild Bieltvedt Skeie, P. Kharin, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Thomas Benjamin Richardson, Drew T. The hazes can be choking and can reduce visibility at noon to a few tens of yards. Schwarz, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, A.

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How a ‘Toxic Cocktail’ Is Posing a Troubling Health Risk in China’s Cities

bjørn samset

Environmental Protection Agency, Chinese authorities, and others — are still based on limits to the same individual pollutants. In Europe and North America, there have effectively been two eras of smogs, with different chemistries. Nault, Jun Oh, Minsu Park, Sally E. However, new studies reveal that by reflecting sunlight, some aerosols cool air warmed by greenhouse gases, making their use a more complex climate issue. Ruiz, Øyvind Seland, Ragnhild Bieltvedt Skeie, P Stier, T. Forskarar som formidlar så godt som Samset er viktige både for oss politikarar og for folk flest.

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CICERO

bjørn samset

Mellom tidlegare vinnarar er Henrik Svensen, Anine Kierulf og Frank Aarebrot. An August 2017 landslide near the Swiss village of Bondo was captured on video as the mountainside slid. One of the most promising avenues for warning people could come from satellite-based sensors, which can detect slow movements that can be precursors to sudden catastrophic events. When either of the pollutants were at high levels, there were more deaths in the city over the subsequent two days, especially cardiovascular deaths. The Global Burden of Disease Study, an international collaboration, die from the effects of this air pollution each year, roughly of the global death toll. Soden, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Camilla Weum Stjern, Timothy Andrews, Oliviér Boucher, Gregory S.

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How a ‘Toxic Cocktail’ Is Posing a Troubling Health Risk in China’s Cities

bjørn samset

Forster, Øivind Hodnebrog, Jana Sillmann, Siv Gundrosen Aalbergsjø, Olivier Boucher, Gregory S. To meet them, 28 big northern cities moved to banish polluting industries such as cement and steel works and replace coal with natural gas for domestic heating. Seemingly monolithic slabs of solid granite are peeling off mountainsides like the layers of an onion. But real air pollution is not so simple. Randles, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, M Schulz, T. Soden, Timothy Andrews, Oliviér Boucher, Gregory S. With nothing to hold them back, gravity pulls the rock toward the valley floors.

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CICERO

bjørn samset

Forster, Øivind Hodnebrog, Timothy Andrews, Gregory S. Easter, Steven John Ghan, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Guangxing Lin, Xiaohong Liu, Joyce E. Anderson, Andreas Beyersdorf, Donald R Blake, Pedro Campuzano-Jost, Chelsea A. Forster, Thomas Richardson, Amanda C. Me treng kunnskap for ein opplyst debatt og for å ta gode avgjerder, og dét skal denne prisen inspirera til, seier statsråd for høyere utdanning og forskning Iselin Nybø i ei pressemelding på Forskingsrådets nettsider. Corbett, Ray Minjares, Daniel Lack, Jan S.

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How Cleaner Air Changes the Climate Free Summary by Bjørn Hallvard Samset

bjørn samset

Kahn, Gunnar Myhre, M Schulz, Gregory L. Statsråd Iselin Nybø hadde mykje godt å seia om prisvinnaren. Faluvegi, Dagmar Fläschner, Matthew Kasoar, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Thomas Richardson, Drew T. Since both ozone and nitrogen dioxide are themselves environmental oxidants, Wille and fellow researchers concluded, the damage caused by the presence of both than the sum of the damage caused by the presence of each pollutant individually. How hazardous are these hidden cocktails of pollution? Forster, Øivind Hodnebrog, Timothy Andrews, Olivier Boucher, Gregory S. Fumes belch from factory chimneys, coal-fired power plants, heating systems in apartment blocks, and millions of road vehicles.

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Bjørn Hallvard Samset er tildelt Forskingsrådets formidlingspris

bjørn samset

The first was characterized by heavy particulates and sulphur dioxide from burning coal in cities. Smogs are generally worst in the cities of northern China, especially in winter when industrial emissions and traffic fumes are compounded by heavy coal burned to heat homes and offices. Boulders littered damaged roadways in the aftermath of a 2017 landslide in the Swiss Alps. Similarly, most medical studies of the impacts of these toxins look for links between single pollutants and suspected health effects such as respiratory disease and cardiovascular conditions. Froyd, Pedro Campuzano-Jost, Benjamin A. The mismatch appears to have caused researchers to miss the potentially deadly consequences.

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Global Warming Is Destabilizing Mountain Slopes, Creating Landslide Risks

bjørn samset

What is disturbing is that there is growing evidence of synergistic effects between these different pollutants that make the whole worse than the sum of the parts. After a summer of melting, some of the steep rock walls along the glacier-carved fjords could be primed for collapse as rainwater percolates downward, increasing the pressure in existing faults and cracks. Physicist and science disseminator, broad experience in atmospheric science and global climate modelling. Tracking these changes is critical to assessing growing threats to people, said Bjørn Samset, research director at the climate research center in Oslo. The foul air of dozens of fast-expanding cities across China contains cocktails of toxic contaminants unprecedented in the range of pollutants they contain at high concentrations.

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How Cleaner Air Changes the Climate Free Summary by Bjørn Hallvard Samset

bjørn samset

An ever-denser blanket of greenhouse gases is also sending warmer air and water deeper into the planet's rocky bones. It was in decline before the peak of the second phase, which arose from nitrogen oxides, fine particulates emitted by automobiles, and other compounds often combining photochemically in summer sunlight to create ozone. Faluvegi, Trond Iversen, Matthew Kasoar, Viatcheslav V. Forster, Matthew Kasoar, Viatcheslav V. And the bottom line is that development pressure in parts of the Alps means many houses have been built in vulnerable areas. Thornhill, Armin Wisthaler, Joshua P.

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